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Too younger to die: When on-line threats flip to tragedy


Jannai Dopwell-Bailey’s demise in a stabbing outdoors his faculty illustrates how the web has turn into what Montreal police describe as the town’s most harmful borough.

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Too Younger to Die: Second in a five-part sequence on youth violence

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If not fairly a demise foretold, the killing of Jannai Dopwell-Bailey was the results of a sequence of foreboding components that some noticed converging with a rising sense of trepidation.

The 16-year-old was stabbed on the grounds of his highschool on Oct. 18, 2021, and pronounced useless in hospital the next day. Jannai left the constructing round 3 p.m. with a pal and fellow scholar at Programme Mile Finish — which helps college students in issue “re-engage with faculty” — when the altercation erupted.

He was the second minor killed in 2021, following the equally surprising slaying of 15-year-old bystander Meriem Boundaoui, in February in St-Léonard. The incident marked the start of a lethal 2021-22 faculty 12 months that has included the shootings of St-Michel native Thomas Trudel, 16, in November, and Ahuntsic resident Amir Benayad, 17, in January; and the stabbing of Pointe-Claire highschool scholar Lucas Gaudet, 16, in February.

The battle by which Jannai turned a collateral sufferer had been brewing for a while on social media. On the coronary heart of the standoff was a rivalry between a Nôtre-Dame-de-Grâce-based group of teenagers calling themselves Oxford Block, in reference to Oxford Ave., on or close to which a lot of them lived; and one other group in Côte-des-Neiges which recognized with the title 160, after the bus route that traverses the borough.

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Within the weeks and months main as much as the tragedy, more and more alarming taunts have been exchanged on-line — a troubling sample in lots of circumstances of youth violence, in line with specialists. The web has turn into what Montreal police describe as the town’s most harmful borough because the COVID-19 pandemic minimize youths off from in-person lessons, actions and companies that supply construction and help.

Christine Richardson, govt director of N.D.G. youth group Jeunesse Loyola, watched in frustration as public well being rules imposed over the course of the pandemic severely restricted — or for lengthy intervals outright prevented — her group’s capacity to straight assist the younger individuals they serve.

Her staff weren’t capable of preserve the identical face-to-face contact with their youths; in the meantime, the turf conflict taking part in out on social media felt like extra than simply name-calling.

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“We have been nicely conscious of a worsening state of affairs amongst teenagers, that as group teams and outreach staff we have been making an attempt to deal with whereas respecting public well being measures,” Richardson mentioned, “and we weren’t capable of get permission to make these extra versatile.”

Group organizations play a vital position in supporting at-risk youths by appearing as a sounding board, providing recommendation and alternatives for interplay to maintain them out of bother. In regular occasions, these organizations have their finger on the heartbeat of a neighbourhood, however with pandemic-related rules severing entry to their companies for months at a time, that connection was compromised.

“We have been beginning to hear hints that there have been tensions constructing,” Richardson mentioned. “The half that was most worrisome was — just like the calm earlier than the storm — we stopped seeing teenagers out in any respect.

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“It was like, ‘Okay, the place did they go?’ And among the many teenagers, there was this lack of curiosity, an absence of a way of belonging, which is mostly what occurs proper earlier than issues begin to flip ugly.”


A vigil for Jannai Dopwell-Bailey on Oct. 22, 2021. “He was a warm, loving, caring person,” said his godfather, Kevin George.
A vigil for Jannai Dopwell-Bailey on Oct. 22, 2021. “He was a heat, loving, caring particular person,” mentioned his godfather, Kevin George. Picture by John Mahoney /Montreal Gazette

One of many locations teenagers went was on-line. Within the hours following Jannai’s demise, alarming posts surfaced on social media making gentle of what occurred. Such taunts have continued within the months because the tragedy.

Jannai’s cousin and godfather, Kevin George, was distraught by “the horrible movies” posted after the teenager was killed.

“It’s… it makes me marvel what’s occurring with our youth — the extent of insensitivity, and the inhumane conduct,” he mentioned, his voice overcome with emotion. “The household was … deeply damage.

“I can’t actually discover the phrases, however a part of it’s anger concerning the lack of worth that was positioned on Jannai’s life. If you actually love somebody, and also you see another person treating them on this method, as if their life had no worth. … And subsequent to the act, (they’re) parading on social media when somebody is useless, it’s … I’m not used to that.

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“I’ve not likely seen that earlier than. It’s at a distinct stage. You marvel the place we’re going as a society the place this type of behaviour can occur.”

Social media is the brand new battleground within the combat towards armed violence, in line with Francis Renaud, head of the organized crime unit for the Service de police de la ville de Montréal (SPVM).

Criminals are utilizing the web to lift their profile by posting threats, upsetting fights with rivals, flashing firearms and boasting about their exploits.

“That’s the place they exhibit, that’s the place they attempt to improve their notoriety,” Renaud mentioned.

The brazenness with which Jannai’s alleged assailants introduced their intentions earlier than he was killed, and celebrated after the very fact, shows not only a ethical vacuum however a chilling disconnect from the repercussions of their actions — each for themselves and the sufferer of the crime.

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A 16-year-old was arrested within the days following the occasion and charged in Youth Court docket with conspiracy and second-degree homicide. He can’t be named due to his age.

On Nov. 26, a second suspect, Andrei Donet, 18, was charged with second-degree homicide. Proof from the preliminary hearings of each youths is topic to a publication ban. A 3rd suspect remains to be being sought within the case.

Earlier that week, Donet appeared on the Montreal courthouse in a distinct case throughout which he was charged with 5 counts associated to drug trafficking, careless use of a firearm and possession of a loaded firearm.

On Nov. 9, Donet had appeared in court docket on one other cost alleging he was in possession of a prohibited firearm, a Glock pistol, whereas he was beneath a court docket order prohibiting him from possessing a weapon.

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Jannai’s godfather, Kevin George, took an active role in memorial events for the teen, including a balloon walk in December where he led the crowd in chants: “Long live Jannai! In our hearts and in our minds!”
Jannai’s godfather, Kevin George, took an lively position in memorial occasions for the teenager, together with a balloon stroll in December the place he led the gang in chants: “Lengthy stay Jannai! In our hearts and in our minds!” Picture by Christinne Muschi /MONTREAL GAZETTE

George describes his godson as “very reserved, very quiet” and “very delicate. He was a heat, loving, caring particular person.”

Rising up, Jannai appreciated to bop; extra lately, his curiosity had turned to rapping.

“At his core, he was actually an artist,” George mentioned. “He was a frontrunner. Folks gravitated towards him. And he was a peacemaker.”

How does a child like that find yourself useless outdoors his faculty on a Monday after class? That’s one of many many questions haunting George. One other is whether or not, as Jannai’s godfather, he might have completed one thing to forestall the boy’s demise.

“I really feel a way of failure,” George mentioned, “like by some means I failed him. I do see it as a person failure, but in addition a failure on many ranges when one thing like this occurs. It speaks to a failure of our group and of society. You ship a toddler to highschool and he by no means comes residence.”

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From what George has heard, Jannai’s attackers might have come to the varsity that day in search of somebody, who was not there. His godson had solely begun learning at Programme Mile Finish the month earlier than.

Within the aftermath of Jannai’s demise, George took an lively position in memorial occasions for the teenager together with a balloon stroll, in December, the place he led the gang in chants: “Lengthy stay Jannai! In our hearts and in our minds!”

At these gatherings, he and different adults inspired the younger individuals current to not search revenge however to honour Jannai by way of their actions on daily basis.

George hopes to show the tragedy into a chance for change by serving to different youths, but he wonders if the percentages have been stacked towards his godson from the beginning.

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“Some communities are extra in danger,” George mentioned. “If I can converse concerning the Black group, I really feel just like the ages between 15 to 25 are an especially high-risk interval for our youth.”

He worries concerning the emotional toll of Jannai’s demise on his fast household, but in addition on the boy’s pals and different younger individuals in Côte-des-Neiges and N.D.G.

“What’s the true affect of what occurred to Jannai?” he puzzled. “What’s the ripple impact on the group? How can an act like that alter somebody’s trajectory? It’s an incredible unfavourable affect on their behaviour and psychological well being.

“If you happen to’re a pal of Jannai’s, or an adolescent, does that improve the chance of you being violent? Does it improve the chance you might need to arm your self? I’d say sure. What’s the affect in your psyche?”

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“If conflicts start on social media, it’s mostly invisible to the outside world, but for those involved, there’s no escaping it,” said Christine Richardson, executive director of Jeunesse Loyola, left. “Community centres give youths a safe space,” said Renate Betts, executive director of the Côte–des–Neiges Black Community Association.
“If conflicts begin on social media, it’s principally invisible to the surface world, however for these concerned, there’s no escaping it,” mentioned Christine Richardson, govt director of Jeunesse Loyola, left. “Group centres give youths a protected house,” mentioned Renate Betts, govt director of the Côte–des–Neiges Black Group Affiliation. Picture by John Kenney /Montreal Gazette

Richardson believes group organizations like hers are taken without any consideration, that their significance to the populations they serve is just not absolutely understood, and their experience not at all times revered.

At present with out a everlasting tackle, Jeunesse Loyola works in partnership with colleges and municipal buildings to safe areas for its varied actions. Throughout the pandemic, it turned more and more difficult to take action, even after Richardson and her workforce spoke of the pink flags they have been noticing.

“Within the final 12 months, there was a whole lot of debate over what’s a reliable risk and what’s simply ‘children being children,’ “ she mentioned. “It’s not as a result of one thing is shared on TikTok that it gained’t have real-world implications. This can be a new actuality that a whole lot of us wrestle to grasp.

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“In some methods, what makes it appear innocent is precisely what makes it so harmful. If conflicts begin on social media, it’s principally invisible to the surface world, however for these concerned, there’s no escaping it.”

Richardson communicates repeatedly with representatives from different group organizations to match notes and collaborate. Considered one of them is Renate Betts, who in December turned govt director of the Côte-des-Neiges Black Group Affiliation, and earlier than that was director of the Westhaven Elmhurst Group Recreation Affiliation. Jannai was a daily customer at each locations earlier than he died.

“When Jannai got here to Westhaven, no one thought something would occur to him,” Betts mentioned. “He was a pleasant child, he performed basketball, he laughed and talked with everybody else. Nothing distinguished him as a younger man in bother. So when it occurred, we have been all in shock.”

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Like Richardson, she is annoyed at how group organizations have been handled, each traditionally and in the course of the pandemic.

“Group centres have been chronically underfunded for many years,” Betts mentioned. “Now everybody turns to us and asks, ‘What’s the answer (to youth violence)?’ It’s maddening.”

In February, an alliance of Montreal group organizations, the RIOCM, referred to as on the Quebec authorities to offer an extra $100 million yearly in monetary help. In accordance with the RIOCM, half its 531 teams obtain lower than $160,000 in funding. A lot of that cash comes within the type of emergency funding or funding for particular person tasks, which limits the forms of companies group organizations can provide and leaves them in a perpetual state of insecurity.

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The Côte-des–Neiges Black Group Affiliation receives most of its funding from the town’s “sports activities and leisure” envelope, which makes it troublesome to help with different wants similar to French lessons or homework. Throughout the first 12 months of the pandemic, the group was requested to assist distribute masks to the inhabitants and assist households navigate the disaster, which received employees questioning why the identical flexibility wasn’t inspired in different areas of its companies.

“Lots of people want to group centres as a solution, however we will’t work miracles,” Betts mentioned. “We’re one piece of an answer that additionally has to contain social justice and the dismantling of systemic boundaries like housing and employment points — all of the issues (that have an effect on) a toddler’s life.”

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The pressured interruptions of companies in the course of the pandemic “made it troublesome to maintain our customers engaged,” she defined. Even when organizations have been allowed to open, the vaccine passport impeded their capacity to offer equal entry to all these in want — significantly amongst disenfranchised communities with below-average vaccination charges. Such ruptures in service had a trickle-down impact.

“Group centres give youths a protected house the place there’s meals, it’s heat, they’ll plug of their telephones, discuss to pals, play basketball, get on the web, and do issues they possibly can’t do at residence,” Betts mentioned, in February, as her group was about to renew companies after one other lockdown.

“They’ll hang around and keep until 10 p.m., their dad and mom know the place they’re and every little thing is nice. Folks take it without any consideration, however we work exhausting in that house to develop these relationships. … Now that help system is gone and younger individuals are actually roaming the streets, in search of goal, identification and camaraderie.”

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Betts likened the packages provided by her group to a gateway to get younger individuals into the constructing, to study their wants and provide them counselling on matters starting from meals and medicines to psychological well being.

“The pandemic uncovered cracks within the system which we knew have been there, however we didn’t concentrate,” she mentioned. It “uncovered the necessity for flexibility in how we give our companies to assist youths who’re going by way of actually annoying occasions.

Joyanne Layne is a teen employee on the Côte-des-Neiges Black Group Affiliation. When she was youthful, she went by way of the group’s teen management program, which she now co-ordinates.

Layne has felt powerless for a lot of the pandemic, watching youths wrestle and never at all times having the ability to assist. She believes there would have been much less youth violence within the metropolis over the previous two years had group organizations been allowed to stay absolutely open.

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“I don’t know the group of youngsters who made Jannai turn into one other statistic,” she mentioned, “however I’m certain if that they had extra help, if that they had constructive position fashions and a spot to go to specific the anger and resentment of their coronary heart, I believe violence like that might have by no means occurred.”


Basketball coach and teen program co-ordinator Stephen Hennessey speaks with Kaisen Coke at the Westhaven Elmhurst Community Recreation Association in N.D.G. Hennessy last saw Jannai the Friday before he was killed. He had stopped by to shoot some hoops. “He came with his cousin, who still comes on a regular basis,” he recalled. “They were always really cool and respectful.”
Basketball coach and teenage program co-ordinator Stephen Hennessey speaks with Kaisen Coke on the Westhaven Elmhurst Group Recreation Affiliation in N.D.G. Hennessy final noticed Jannai the Friday earlier than he was killed. He had stopped by to shoot some hoops. “He got here together with his cousin, who nonetheless comes regularly,” he recalled. “They have been at all times actually cool and respectful.” Picture by John Mahoney /Montreal Gazette

Tyrese Dopwell-Bailey was shocked when early information studies emerged suggesting his youthful brother might have been a part of a gang, however he was not stunned.

“We’re Black,” mentioned the 22-year-old, who moved again residence to be together with his dad and mom following his brother’s demise. “It’s attention-grabbing, my mom advised each of us to not get dreads as a result of it might be exhausting for us to get a job, and (she feared) individuals would choose us and assume we have been in a gang.”

The boys each received dreadlocks anyway.

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“I had dreads after which he received them,” Dopwell-Bailey recounted. “Then, simply due to his hair and (the very fact) he makes music, he’s ‘in a gang.’ Dwelling in Quebec, I’ve seen it with my very own eyes — harassment by police and the way the media portrays us as individuals.”

The information studies led to a delay in his dad and mom receiving monetary help from L’indemnisation des victimes d’actes criminels au Québec, which doesn’t compensate households of gang members. The difficulty has since been sorted out.

His little brother was typically taunted by police, in line with Dopwell-Bailey.

“They’d comply with him and harass him. One time, they took away his bag and he needed to beg for it again, all types of issues. However that’s regular. I received searched at 13 for no purpose. … Police are at all times on this space, particularly round the place it occurred with Jannai, round Van Horne Ave. Then the time they have been presupposed to be there, they weren’t.”

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Calls to extend police in an effort to stop armed violence are lacking the mark, he believes.

“They’re not addressing the elephant within the room,” he mentioned. “Poverty, inequality, racism, discrimination and sexism — repair that, and also you’ll see how briskly crime goes away.”


Stephen Hennessy final noticed Jannai the Friday earlier than he was killed. Hennessy is the teenager program co-ordinator and basketball coach on the Westhaven Elmhurst Group Recreation Affiliation. Jannai stopped by to shoot some hoops that day, and the 2 talked concerning the recording studio Hennessy – a former rapper – had arrange on the centre.

“He got here together with his cousin, who nonetheless comes regularly,” Hennessy recalled. “They have been at all times actually cool and respectful. … Even talking to me that point, the child had a whole lot of life in him, a whole lot of ideas, desires, abilities and skills. It’s a disgrace to listen to of one other younger boy for whom none of that may progress. It’s a must to marvel what might have been, if this didn’t occur.”

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For Hennessy, the tragedy hits near residence. His stepson Darius Brown was stabbed to demise almost six years in the past, on the age of 17. Hennessy was ready for him on the group centre on the evening he was killed.

“My expertise of dropping my very own little one makes me a distinct particular person,” he mentioned. “It offers me extra perception, understanding and data to assist different individuals navigate it.”

On a Friday night in March, shortly after the centre was allowed to reopen, 25 to 30 children got here by way of the gymnasium to play ball and hang around.

“I’m like, OK, that’s 25 to 30 extra children off the road in the present day,” Hennessy mentioned.

Half One: A life taken, a household left to mourn

Subsequent, Half Three: When youth violence turns into politicized

tdunlevy@postmedia.com
twitter.com/TChaDunlevy

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